ANALYSIS


"RICE" 
by MANUEL ARGUILLA


MARXISM APPROACH:

•concentrates most on the relationship between the test and reality
•ultimately past of much larger effort to uncover the inner workings of the society
•generally look at the unresolved tensions or conficts


CHARACTERS:

PABLO       -an old farm
SEBIA         -Pablo’s wife 
SEĊ‡ORA    -Watchman
ANDRES    -Pablo’s co-farmer, much younger than Pablo
OSIANG      -Andres’ wife


SUMMARY

     An afternoon on a hut with a tamarind tree beside it, Pablo, an old farmer, came from the farm and unhitched his carabao upon its empty sled and began to feed it with a zacate. Then, he called her wife, Sebia, from their hut but no one answers him. He goes to the neighborhood to ask if they’ve seen Sebia and his children but Osiang, their neighbor, seems not hearing what Mang Pablo is asking and give a question back regarding his husband Andres. Later sometime Osing told Mang Pablo that his wife and three children went to the creek for some snails.

     Mang Pablo reminisce the scenario later that morning when he with the several other tenants driven with their sleds to the house of the senora to borrow some grains. But as they go changes come, their usual tersiohan system on borrowing became takipan meaning the amount that they borrow becomes double at harvest time. His co-tenants refuse for this is too much and can’t even know if they can pay it exactly at the time given. In the end everyone leave with an empty sled and will come home without any rice to eat.
Then, Osiang’s voice broke the silence. Asking if he had already cook their rice and offered him pieces of coal. When he is about to go back home Andres came and give a sign telling he must wait for him. Andres – dark, broad and squat man, wearing a printed camisa de chino appeared asking Mang Pablo if he is coming with them. Mang Pablo advice him not to continue this because they will commit stealing but Andres together with other men is desperate.

     As he turned, he had seen wife and three children and was accompanied with a man. The man told him that they are fishing in the fields but Sebia disagreed and told him that they are just gathering some snails. Then, the watchman told Mang Pablo that they must pay five cavanes. Sebia is asking for the rice but Mang Pablo told him that there is no rice while looking in his hungry children seeing weakness and pain then he asks for his bolo joining Andres and together they walked to the house of Eli.


SYMBOLS:

   Rice                            - hope for starving people
   Empty Sled                  - symbolize their emptiness on foods
   Carabao                      - represents people who worked hard everyday
   Broken-down fence      - shows broken dreams
   Snails                          - people who can’t go over the mud
   Multa(fine)                  - means additional burden for the people
   Trucks                        - heavy stealer of their foods


THEME:

     "That even the righteous man can do anything just for his family's sake"


TONE:

Man vs. Society
    -society plays an important role to Pablo's life because it serves the biggest   obstacle for him to live a good life..


POINT OF VIEW:

Objective Point of View
   -the story is revealed by characters dialogues and actions

7 comments:

  1. Thank u! u are my savior because on next week we have a test in english my teacher says that we need to read one of the stories he post in our FYI board.. I choose rice by manuel arguilla I read that story but I didn't understand the stories.. so that I search in google about reaction of this story and I choose this! Thank you very much!

    TumugonBurahin
  2. someone told me to print this summary.....

    TumugonBurahin
  3. salamat po ditooo :) ang tagal ko naghanap ^o^

    TumugonBurahin
  4. thanks ;) makakatulong to sa report ko next week ^O^

    TumugonBurahin